H.R. 610 Choices in Education Act: a disaster if it passes in Congress

A pro-education rally at 21 West Market St. in West Chester tomorrow Friday Feb. 17, 11:30 a.m. to 1:00 p.m., is specifically directed against House Bill 610, which was introduced in Washington last month.

The bill’s own short description does not do justice to the damage this bill would cause:


This Congress seems determined to undo all the beneficial functions of government, such as promoting public health, protecting the environment, reducing gun violence, or furthering public education.

The majority party is against “choice” until it suits them to use the word as cover for their own purposes. Newly installed (by a vote of 51-50) Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos will be very happy with this bill, since she believes that “government sucks.” it will suck even more if HR 610 ever  becomes law.

Title I of this bill would negate all federal functions regarding K-12 education except to give block grants to “qualified” states in proportion to the number of “eligible” children.

In order to qualify, states must agree to distribute each child’s share of these federal funds to parents for use in any public schools, private schools (of which over 80% are religious), or home-schooling.

So, students in rich districts and poor districts, in families of all economic levels, in religious and non-religious schools, special needs and super-gifted students, students with parents realistically capable of home-schooling them or not–all would get the same cut of Secretary DeVos’s pie.

How about students without a fixed parent or guardian or even a stable address? The bill doesn’t seem to do much for them.

Does the bill set any criteria for home-schooling? No, and even though states may have a say, it isn’t hard to guess that a lot of parents will decide they would rather collect the funds than send their child to a school of any sort. Payments “shall not exceed the cost of home-schooling the child,” but who could possibly know?

Does the bill refer to any standards for schools to meet? No.

Does the  bill require the child to be making some recognizable progress? No, just be “aged 5 to 17, inclusive.” So a student age 5-17, even if repeating one grade 3 times, qualifies, but a high school senior aged 18, for whatever reason such as earlier serious illness, doesn’t.

Don’t federal and states standards cover some of these things? Maybe, but none are referenced in the bill.  In a year when you can see regulations falling like dominoes, you can bet that once the door is opened by HR  610, no one will dare turn off the money.

And then there is a constitutional issue.

The First Amendment to the US Constitution says: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.” This has been taken (until 2017, at least) to prevent the US government from subsidizing religious institutions. This bill gets around that by saying that the funds go to the parents, who turn it over to the religious school. But the magnitude of this scheme, and the potential to create more religious schools and shut down non-religious schools, will surely interest the court system.

Similarly on the state level. The PA Constitution I.3 says: “…no man can of right be compelled to attend, erect or support any place of worship or to maintain any ministry against his consent.”

If our state and school districts are obliged to distribute federal money– just to give an example much in the news these days– to subsidize the extensive charter school network of  Muslim scholar Fethullah Gulen (a PA resident accused of orchestrating the recent failed coup d’état in Turkey), does that violate the state constitution? This could be interesting.

Similarly, PA Constitution III.15 says; “No money raised for the support of the public schools of the Commonwealth shall be appropriated to or used for the support of any sectarian school.” If the state asks for federal money under HR 610, is it “raising” money? In my view, it would certainly be violating the obvious intent that public funds should not subsidize sectarian schools. Of course, proponents say they would be subsidizing parents, not schools, even though the relevant section of the  bill is titled “Distribution to Schools.”

And then, just as bad, is Title II, called with another counterfactual flourish the “No Hungry Kids Act.” This part would overturn a 2012 Department of Agriculture rule designed to set healthy standards and calorie limits for school food.

All  we have to do is quote the official summary of this bill to see how nefarious this part is, describing the rule to be scrapped:

“In general, the rule requires schools to increase the availability of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat or fat free milk in school meals; reduce the levels of sodium, saturated fat, and trans fat in school meals; and meet children’s nutritional needs within their caloric requirements.”

In sum, House Bill 610 is a catastrophe and if our representatives in Congress don’t want to talk about it, their constituents have to make them.

About politicswestchesterview

Nathaniel regards himself as a progressive Democrat who sees a serious need to involve more Americans in the political process if we are to rise to Ben Franklin's challenge "A republic, madam, if you can keep it," after a passerby asked him what form of government the founders had chosen. This blog gives my views and background information on the local, state, and national political scenes. My career in higher education was mainly in the areas of international studies, foreign languages, and student advising, most recently at Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, from which I retired in 2006. I have lived in West Chester since 1986.
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55 Responses to H.R. 610 Choices in Education Act: a disaster if it passes in Congress

  1. Pingback: H.R. 610 Choices in Education Act: a disaster if it passes in Congress | West Chester Borough Democrats

  2. csembello says:

    Great job putting this information together, Nathaniel. I found your post after a friend who is a teacher alerted me to HR 610. It’s pretty frightening to see the executive orders and legislative trends that are happening at this moment. Thank you for putting valid and well explained information on your blog, and good luck to our nation in preventing some of the harm that is being threatened toward our civil society and public goods. I will be contacting my US House rep to speak against this bill.

  3. Thanks, Colin! Much appreciated. It would be a full time job to analyze all the devastating legislative measures that are under consideration right now. I focused on HR 610 because there was an upcoming local demonstration against it. It will be hard work, but people need to pay attention to their representative’s and senators’ vote on everything. Words are easy; votes are undeniable.

    • Shelly Wells says:

      Do you know it will be voted on?

    • Peter Mbamalu says:

      Doesn’t look like the First Amendment argument will work because it doesn’t look like there is excessive entanglement or an advancement of religion for purposes of the Free Establishment clause. However, it is said that bill is attempting to eliminate the ESSA Act of 1965 which was designed to provide equal opportunity for education. Eliminating this act would be a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment which states that laws can be made to prevent racial discrimination Thus, if Congress were to pass this foolish bill it would in its effect would run afoul of the Constitution and the purpose of the ESSA to prevent racial discrimination for the purposes of the 14th Amendment.

  4. Shelly Wells says:

    Thanks for the info…trying to arm myself with real facts to fight this fight.

  5. Shelly, No, I don’t know when it will be voted on. It has been referred to the House Committee on Education and the Workforce. There are only 3 cosponsors, which can mean it isn’t going anywhere right now. Maybe the chief sponsor Rep. Steve King (R-Iowa) is just posturing to his extremely right-wing core. I don’t see that a companion bill has been introduced yet in the Senate. Often bills are brought to the floor suddenly, after the votes in favor seem to be there.

    Interestingly, an organization representing home schooled students doesn’t like the bill either. https://www.hslda.org/docs/news/2017/201702140.asp says: “HSLDA has repeatedly told our friends on Capitol Hill that our members and many other homeschooling families know that government dollars will eventually result in government regulation.” Pressure like that can require amendments.

    This is definitely a bill to keep tracking. It could need total recasting, because it raises so many federal and state constitutional questions.

    • Dawn Appelberg says:

      Actually it did not raise any constitutional or legal concerns save for social justice warrior mentality. It is true homeschoolers do not want the vouchers…ironically for a reason you are against. We do not want government telling us how to educate our children. As for the rest, well the bill is better than what we have now. I may even put my kids back into a charter style school rather than homeschool if it passes…I am definitely not putting them into a failed system that exists today.

      • sam winkleman says:

        Finally, someone posting with common sense, and not mass hysteria!

      • Inga says:

        Thank you, Dawn Appelberg. What’s wrong with some people? Why wouldn’t they use common sense?

      • Melissa Johnson says:

        Failed school System? My kid went thru public education, community college, then 4 yr state university. He receives his degree in engineering in June.

  6. Shelly Wells says:

    Thanks so much for the info! Very helpful!

  7. Pingback: PROOF That Dangerous School Vouchers Truly Suck (VIDEO) - Liberal Progressive Democrat News

  8. Pamela Chestnut says:

    I can’t even fathom how this bill could be. What on earth are we doing for our children & countries future?????
    I strongly discourage this bill and ask that our representative does the same. No child left behind. No helpless child go hungry. We must be the voice for our children & their future!!!!!

  9. Vincent Czyz says:

    Thank you, Nathaniel! Posted to my FB page.

    • Inga says:

      BEFORE posting anything on your FB page, check all the facts and do some thinking – there’s enough FAKE NEWS to brainwash ignorant people just following irresponsible lies and propaganda. Our public school system is a horror and our children deserve to have a good education.

  10. Unknown says:

    So basically you are saying parents are not trustworthy? Parents would just pocket the money? Where is the humanity in the world? If the true issue is not trusting parents and states to make good decisions why doesn’t the government just make them all for us?

    • Nancy Washton says:

      You must recognize that some parents are malignant, or simply incapable of providing a decent education for their children, perhaps without realizing their limitations.

      • Anonymous says:

        If parents can be untrustworthy then why can’t teachers, or the government be untrustworthy? What about the “teacher” who took away a child’s turkey sandwich bec/ it didn’t meet “guidelines” Was she untrustworthy? So if a parent would “pocket” the money for selfish reasons why wouldn’t principals and teachers just want to pocket the government money and not be accountable to the parents for a failing school? or for a school that was not meeting the needs of their child? Why should the money allotted each child not go with the child to educate in the best manner and in the best place for that child?

      • Dawn Appelberg says:

        I can say the same for many of those who supposedly are in charge of our educational retirements for children as well. I do not consider a teacher showing a 6th grade class the proper way to insert dildos and butt plugs educational. I also do not condone a teacher taking English period and turning it into an Islamic cultural studies course, or a political activism scenario. Shall we discuss those who hand out packets and demand regurgitation, then pass children like cattle to the next grade without them actually learning anything? Parents have a better understanding of what their children need, as well as a greater opportunity of individualized curriculum.

        Do not get me wrong I know some wonderful teachers. I have friends who are great. I will still homeschool my three. I have watched them grow in ways public school could not allow them to. They are 10, 11, and 13, and are currently in the process of drafting a business plan for an actual viable company they can run and own. It is not that they are special or above standards – it is because they were given opportunities that should be in public school – and at one time were.

      • Inga says:

        If as you say there are “some malignant parents .. incapable of providing a decent education for their children” then… their children will go to a public school you cherish so much.

  11. Colleen L says:

    Thank you for making us aware of this bill which has been referred to committee and hopefully will never see the light of day in a vote. So many idiot bills die that way. Thank you democratic process. I will say, that from this educators perspective, we do need to do something drastic with our federal system when it comes to education. For too many years, the corporations have been driving the federal educational system and extorting money from our public schools with forced testing and curriculum choices (read common core). We need a grassroots effort to take back our schools and make them community centers of learning for all, only then will we have the democratic republic we need to make a fair and equitable system for all.

    • Dawn Appelberg says:

      I am a homeschooling mother who is hoping this bill passe through with flying colors. I have had to detox brick and mortar institutionalized children several times when their parents finally had enough of the standardized testing and regurgitation of rote, rather than actual critical thinking.

      Have you ever seen a child curl into a ball of anger and frustration because he or she was asked to free verse a subject, and you tell them they cannot use the same verbiage as the text? I have multiple times. I have also watched these kids eventually start to think on their own. To suddenly start using critical thinking skills which had atrophied during their 8 hours of packets and “must respond exactly as told.”

      I use IXl with my kids so they are complaint with the state standards. I understand the new math – but refuse to have my kids use it as it is literally a waste of time. I own a business in financial consulting – I have yet to find any reason to use it. Do not get me started on the Social Justice Warrior mentality which is pervading our school system.

      We NEED this bill to gut Common Core and get back to education.

      • Dawn, I totally agree with you with regard to standardized testing, lack of critical thinking, “no child left behind,” and the quality of some of the teachers in the public school system. However, this bill throws the baby out with the bath water. We should be advocating to remove dependence on standardized testing. We should be fighting to change the classroom and compensation, so that more qualified and motivated people WANT to be teachers. We should be fighting to keep junk food out of the schools so kids eat the healthy food instead of throwing it away. You are advocating for this, because it supports your personal situation. Most parents cannot or will not home school. A quality education system for ALL children is the future of our country. That’s what we should be fighting for.

    • Inga says:

      If you like what we have now – keep your kids in public schools. Nobody denies you this opportunity – remember: if you like your teacher, you can keep your teacher… but let us, the informed and concerned parents to have a choice in our kids education. We want them to LEARN!

    • Inga says:

      You gotta be kidding? Right? Corporations are driving the federal educational system? Community centers of learning? Where are you coming from? Sickening, really.

  12. christy says:

    Thank you for posting. Question. The HSLDA comment on the previous post brought up a good point… and one that I don’t know a lot about… When the government gives out funds for education the school are held accountable …. will bill 610 hold the groups receiving these funds accountable? Aren’t all government funds tracked and those receiving the fund held accountable?

    • Dawn Appelberg says:

      Christy that is why hundreds of homeschooling parents are saying no to the funding. They do not want governmental interference.

  13. Juliana says:

    Here is an easy way to send your representative a letter about this issue. Please share! https://actionnetwork.org/letters/oppose-hr-610-a-bill-designed-to-push-school-privatization?clear_id=true

  14. Vicky Hill- Rickey and Mike Ketr says:

    Question how is a $1500 student Boucher going to help a student who is in need of a $30,000 per year education? How will this bill accommodate students with ADHD, as, autism ? It appears that children with learning disabilities will be left out?

    • Dawn Appelberg says:

      Actually no they won’t be. The bill addresses the fact our spending is out of control on a failing system. Those with special needs will actually have more access under this bill, as the vouchers will allow parents to choose schools based upon those needs. Look at it more as a ticket to get in than a full ride.

      • Tori says:

        Dawn –
        I’m sorry, but my child has a learning disability and you’re painfully wrong. Private schools are not required to provide services for disabled kids at all. If you have a child that is severely disabled, it may benefit you to put your child in a private school that caters to child specifically with severe disabilities (literally the only use case you’re mentioning here). However, most kids with learning disabilities aren’t severe enough to require a private special ed school. Kids that have dyslexia, dyspraxia, dysgraphia, auditory processing disorders, language processing disorders, Visual Perceptual/Visual Motor Deficit, ADHD need to be mainstreamed with their peers. They need the support of speech, reading, occupational therapists…and an IEP (individualized education program) to help meet their needs. It’s not perfect, but it freaking helps and has saved my daughter’s life.

        THIS BILL SCREWS OVER KIDS LIKE MY DAUGHTER. Private schools aren’t required to provide services for those children. Some offer them, but because they don’t have to deal with government oversight, you have no clue what level services you’re getting as a parent.

        Stop telling people things you don’t understand and have no personal experience with and are just reading off some website somewhere. This is my life and my experience and I’m telling you these kids need laws to protect them. This is a step in the wrong direction.

      • Joe says:

        Actually Tori,
        Mainstreaming all cases of disability prevents others from advancing at an adequate pace. This is done in my school system and at every Parent informational we run on a monthly basis for a school system of 8K. We are constantly being bombarded by advocates that state ” if we can help 1 child in a class of 20, even at the expense of those other 19 being slowed down, it is worth it.” and the other catch phrase ” keeping a discipline problem child in the class with others will eventually get them to modify their behavior”. Don’t even get me started on the lunch rules. Our system stops giving out salad dressing with the salads to meet the calorie intake rule with meals. They allow kids to utilize Iphones in class with head sets to listen to music if they claim ADHD to help relax them. It goes on and on and our teachers in our system have an average base of $57,000 not including taking on summer assignments and athletic coaching.

  15. Ted says:

    The Republicans are bent on putting the power in to the hands of the individual states, and parents, and decentralizing the power at the Federal level…darn those hypocrites.

  16. Gr8ful1994 says:

    So where does my tax money go? It should by law go to my local PUBLIC school not a private school or home schooled child correct? Why would public tax money go to private school?

    • Inga says:

      Don’t worry – YOUR tax money will go to public schools, MY tax money will go to vouchers: to give children the chance to the better education.

  17. Dawn Appelberg says:

    The biggest contentions from those against it are the following:

    1) Cutting funding from public schools hurts public schools. Response: Public schools have been failing for a long time.

    2) Homeless children and illegal refugees are not covered in this bill Response: Homeless children are a serious issue that needs to be addressed at several levels. They will still be able to go to public school. However vouchers for charter schools are the least of their worries. Illegals? See the Immigration Act.

    3) Underprivileged children will be the ones hurt by this bill. Response: This bill was written with them in mind so they may have the same opportunities as affluent children.

    4) Cutting Federal oversight will increase the drop out rate in differing states. Response: No, it won’t. That has been proven to be a falsehood.

    As for homeschooling. The author of this article should have actually interviewed a few parents before writing it. Out of the thousands of homeschooling parents here in Washington, of which I am one, most are saying NO to the subsidies. They do not want anymore government oversight into their personal lives, and government money means government control.

  18. craigwall235@gmail.com says:

    So glad I found this blog post. It really helped me understand the issues…and I’m a teacher! Posted to my Facebook page too! Keep up the good work.

    • Tracy Burley says:

      I am highly concerned about this issue being passed. I to am a teacher and work in a public school district. I held down two low wage jobs, while going to college and paying for it as I went along. There were many nights I was not getting to bed until 3 in the morning due to paperwork or studing only to get up around 6 in the morning to start my long day all over again for abt. 3 years. All the while, as I went through an unexpected divorce of 15 years, my mother passing from cancer, and all responsibility of home, work, and college forced upon on me! I have dug myself out of the hole I was thrown in and now I worry about this threatening my financial security. I earned my bachelors degree, if this passes I could lose my job due to budget cuts when the money is taken that pays my salary. I do not live close to a charter school. I should not have to settle for a job I am unsatisfied withbecause that is what is available. I am certified and shouldnt have to worry abt. this. I feel like they are stealing funds and trying to make it look appealing to parents when honestly, it is nothing more than a lie to fund their own educational institutions through taxpayers expense. What needs to happen, is to change what is taught in the schools. So fix the schools to give opportunies for students to become successful, instead of theive the money.

  19. Teach4Life says:

    Thank you for this post. What amazes me about this entire dialogue is that no one talks about the children who will not receive a voucher or those who do not have a parent to protect their educational interests. While this bill will provide some choice for some, it will eliminate all choice for those who do not receive a voucher who are now forced to attend a defunded public school. It will effectively create an entire class of undereducated people without the skills necessary to positively contribute to society. When this generation grows into adulthood, who will employ them? Who will make up for the 12 years of limited exposure to education? This bill will create a permanent bottom class of uneducated people who could very well negatively impact the standard of living for the entire country.

    • DWILSON22 says:

      What you state has been happening for years and the effects are devestating. With the help of common core and teaching to the test… we have an entire generation who can barely problem solve. The drop out rate has increased substantially. No voucher or any amount of money can fix a broken system…. only those operating within it and those who stand to benefit from it can make the necessary changes. No need to wait on govt. to fix the wrongs made about 2 generations deep. DWILSON22

    • Tracie Loveless says:

      So your proposal is to keep things as they are and have an entire NATION be the victims of 12 years of limited exposure to education? The current system of measurement driven education focuses resources on the students who are middle of the road students. These students (arguably the majority of public school students) will meet standards with minimal effort and expense, so our current system makes sure they can get the correct answers on the tests. The top students will score well and are cast aside. The bottom students require too many resources and are unlikely to score well anyway, so it’s a better use of resources to get their scores excluded from the totals. Besides spending all that time on IEP’s and 504s gives the illusion that the education system is doing something for these students.
      Time to figure out that status quo is NOT ok and small changes are not working. In this case, let’s throw the baby out with the bathwater.

      • Teach4Life says:

        You are incorrect in your assumption of my proposal. Yes, change is needed to establish an effective system. I’m simply stating that we actually put together an intelligently planned out change not just jump at the first option complete ignoring its horrible consequences. There are things worst than what we have now & this bill will ensure that new reality. When you throw the baby out with the bath water, you are committing murder. What’s the point in education if you’re going to slay the children along the way? And who dictates who’s child is lost?

      • Tracie Loveless says:

        I understand your proposal to be to continue to brainstorm while living with the current system. I totally understand the need to implement a well thought out, cohesive plan. We all saw what happened when Common Core Standards lead to a hurried, sloppily thrown together curriculum that was implemented in many states without the proper support. Well-meaning standards became synonymous with a poor curriculum that will take years to recover from. But I don’t believe this bill presents the same dangers.
        I don’t understand the battle cry that this bill will “defund public schools.” If the schools are working and producing good results, they will continue to attract students and they will still receive FEDERAL funding. If they are failing to provide an acceptable education and enough parents who are “in the know” move their children to a school that can provide an acceptable education, the school will lose FEDERAL funding for the students who are no longer attending that school. I’m capitalizing FEDERAL funding, because that’s all that this bill covers. Nationwide, less than 10% of education spending comes from FEDERAL funding. Requirements for the other 90+% of funding is already handled at state and local levels. If state and local governments want to continue the scam that is public education as they know it now, they are not giving up that much fundng.
        I also don’t understand the falsehood that this bill will somehow prevent students who need special education services from receiving the services that they need. Though IDEA is FEDERALLY mandated, it is not FEDERALLY funded. IDEA says that states must provide special education services to receive FEDERAL funding, but it also limits the amount of FEDERAL funding that Congress can grant to only 40% of the actual costs of providing the required special education services. What’s even more shocking is that states don’t even get that much. On average, states are provided about 15% of the cost of educating special education students from FEDERAL money. I’m bewildered that the federal government can mandate educational requirements, but makes no provisions for funding those requirements. But I digress, and that’s far too lengthy of a discussion for this thread.
        My bottom line is that I am thrilled to see so much discussion about this bill. As you’ve pointed out, any reform needs to be well thought out before being implemented. Based on what I’ve read, this bill has a long way to go before becoming law, so hopefully the discussion will continue and the call to blindly STOP it in its tracks will end.

  20. Tracie Loveless says:

    So we should be concerned that parents will “pocket” money intended for home school education, but we’re told it’s a fallacy to believe that we need welfare reform because there are not very many drug using welfare moms who are abusing the system. Think I got this straight now- welfare moms should be trusted and drug testing them is an unfair violation of civil liberties, but parents who chose to home school can’t be trusted to be responsible about their child’s education and any funds that they may receive. Got it. Thanks for clearing that up!

  21. Thompson Jamerson says:

    “In general, the rule requires schools to increase the availability of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat or fat free milk in school meals; reduce the levels of sodium, saturated fat, and trans fat in school meals; and meet children’s nutritional needs within their caloric requirements.”

    uhhh how is nefarious? do you know how crappy school lunches are right now? so eating more whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and fat free milk a bad thing.

    i find it hilarious how you dont even talk about the current status of our school system and how bad we have been the past year. stop spreading your propaganda bull crap.Currupt school districts just want the money to continue to go to them just for having kids “sit in there seats” while getting dumber by the second.

    now there pockets are getting emptied and diverted to real schools that parents WANT them to go to and you guys are pissed

    this gives parents freedom of choice where the funds go and how our kids are taught and where. Im not christian but if kids want to go to a religious school then let them, thats there freedom.

  22. Pingback: The HR 610 discussion and my own notes on education | politicswestchesterview

  23. With 45 comments to date from readers on this post, “H.R. 610 Choices in Education Act: a disaster if it passes in Congress,” I want to thank everyone who has taken the time to post their views. You have contributed a lot of good information to a critical debate. The lines of discussion are pretty clear: what are the merits of public schools, charter schools, private schools, and homeschooling? And what should Congress do as a consequence?…

    Please see more of my follow-up comments on education in “The HR 610 discussion and my own notes on education.”

  24. A nice roundup of the issues on this. Worth a read. Thanks.

  25. Harrison says:

    Thank you for the article. It highlighted some aspects of the issue that I had not considered. I know that this legislation has been put on hold for the time being, but I picked my topic at the beginning of the term. I am preparing preparing a policy brief for my PUBLIC school. In my opinion the trouble lies with the curriculum and the segregated nature of our public schools. At one time schools sought to enable students in job preparation, civic engagement and the ability to be a life long learner. I think standardized tests have taken away the ability for teachers to teach simply to learn. If our communities were more closely connected, perhaps the effects de facto segregation would be mitigated. If the children of the middle class and rich had to attend the failing schools of the poor there most certainly would be a solution. We can continue to separate ourselves through this kind of legislation and all we will end with is greater divide. I won’t pretend to know the solution. But I know it does not entail removing protections on disenfranchised students. It involves coming together to solve the problem in each community and straightening our public schools.

  26. I think Harrison is absolutely right to talk about community. When children go off to so many different types of schools, community is lost. It’s like gerrymandering: voters can’t clarify and implement principles when no one can even remember where the district lines are. Americans have to have confidence that with their neighbors they can make decent decisions. When the state steps in to make decisions (as in trying to preempt local environmental regulations), then there is trouble. The state has a role in funding education, especially in underfunded communities, and in preventing illegal behavior such as racial discrimination; but when the state starts to micromanage, as in the recent unfunded testing mandates, it just drags education down.

  27. Frances Fincher says:

    Consider the results of this bill for kids with special needs and gifts- a disaster!

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